Adolf Hitler and the Canadian War Memorial at Vimy Ridge France

During WW2 the general safety of the memorial at Vimy Ridge was a cause for concern for the Canadian government. In 1939, the increased threat of conflict with Nazi Germany amplified the Canadian government’s level of concern. Canada could do little more than protect the sculptures and the bases of the pylons with sandbags and awaitdevelopments. When war did break out, the British Expeditionary Force deployed to France and assumed responsibility for the Arras sector, which included Vimy. When Hitler’s armies were advancing across France in 1940, the Canadian government put out a story that German troops were damaging the memorial at Vimy Ridge. 

Walter Allward’s soaring monument had been unveiled only a short time before, in 1936, the only official ceremony (except for abdication) in the short reign of Edward VIII. A popular postage stamp was widely in circulation, so Canadians were thoroughly familiar with Vimy Ridge, and they were outraged. There was someone else who was outraged by this story; his name was Adolf Hitler.

The monument at Vimy Ridge was Hitler’s favourite memorial from World War I, because it was a monument to peace, not a celebration of war. There are no carved guns at Vimy Ridge, no helmeted soldiers, no stacks of cannonballs. Instead, the figures are of Canada grieving for her lost sons.


Hitler went to Vimy Ridge on June 2, 1940, called in the world’s press as best he could and insisted they take his picture on the unscathed steps. He then assigned special troops from the Waffen-SS to guard Vimy Ridge.

The SS had a vicious reputation – they were Hitler’s personal army, they guarded him. And it was also their job to protect Vimy Ridge, not only from Allied armies but also from regular Wehrmacht soldiers who, rather understandably, might want to deface it. No one would defy the SS.

The Vimy memorial is there at all because it was saved by its most infamous fan, Adolf Hitler


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